Rosacea is a common skin disease that causes redness and red pimple-like breakouts on the face.
It begins with a tendency toward “flushing and blushing” and may then progress to a persistent redness of the central face. With time, small blood vessels and tiny pimples appear, but there are no black or whiteheads. Rhinophyma is the most severe form of rosacea, in which the nose becomes bulbous and enlarged with prominent oil glands. This type of rosacea is most common in men.
Rosacea is most common in fair skinned adults between the ages of 30 and 50. Triggers include hot drinks, spicy food, caffeine, alcohol, extreme temperatures, alcohol based skin products and sunlight. Treatment of rosacea includes a variety of topical medications, washes and antibiotics. Green tinted make up may be used to help mask the redness. Laser therapy can effectively treat redness, telangiectasias (broken blood vessels) and rhinophymatous changes.